What Are The Characteristics Of PVC?
The biggest feature of PVC is flame retardancy, so it is widely used in fire protection. But PVC releases hydrogen chloride and other toxic gases, such as dioxin, during the combustion process.
The combustion of PVC is divided into two steps. First, the hydrogen chloride gas and the dienes containing double bonds are decomposed at 240 C -340 C, and then carbon combustion occurs at 400-470.
It is one of the most productive plastic products in the world. It is cheap and widely used. PVC resin is white or light yellow powder. Different additives can be added to different uses. PVC plastics can show different physical and mechanical properties. A proper amount of plasticizer is added to PVC resin, which can be made into a variety of hard, soft and transparent products.
The density of pure PVC is 1.4g/cm3, and the density of PVC plastic parts with plasticizer and filler is generally 1.15-2.00g/cm3.
Hard polyvinyl chloride has good tensile, bending, compression and impact resistance, and can be used as a structural material alone.
The softness, elongation at break and cold resistance of soft PVC will increase, but the brittleness, hardness and tensile strength will be reduced.
PVC has good electrical insulation property, can be used as low frequency insulating material, and its chemical stability is also good. Due to the poor thermal stability of PVC, long time heating will lead to decomposition, releasing HCL gas and making polyvinyl chloride discolouration, so its application scope is narrow, and its service temperature is usually between -15~55 C.